Faecal Coliforms Bacteria Has Been Found At Starbucks


The ice used in Caffe Nero, Starbucks, and Costa has been found to contain faecal bacteria. The BBC conducted an investigation and discovered three of the largest coffee chains in the United Kingdom were using ice containing the bacteria found in faeces.

Caffe Nero, Costa Coffee, and Starbucks bacteria were found at various levels in samples taken from their iced drinks. These levels are concerning because faeces should not be present at all.

This led to the cleanliness of the high chairs, trays, and tables being tested at thirty branches. Faeces bacteria was found in seven out of ten samples of ice taken from Costa. Caffe Nero and Starbucks bacteria was found in three of the ten samples.

This type of bacteria was called opportunistic pathogens by a representative of The Chartered Institute of Environmental Health. These pathogens are what causes disease in humans. Costa has stated they are using a different system for storing their ice. Their guidelines for handling ice has additionally been updated.

Starbucks is in the process of conducting an investigation regarding the faeces. Their spokesman stated they are taking the situation extremely seriously. Caffe Nero is also conducting an investigation and stated they are taking appropriate action.

What are Faecal Coliforms

coliform bacteria

Faecal Coliforms are a very specific type of bacteria. They originated inside warm-blooded animal’s intestines. Faecal coliforms can grow when bile salts are present. Within a period of 48 hours, they can begin producing gas and acid from lactose. This bacteria is also referred to as thermotolerant coliform.

How Faecal Coliforms Forms

A certain genre of coliform bacteria come from feces. This can indicate an E. coli contamination. This means the feces may also contain microorganisms. When the level of fecal coliforms increases it is a warning the water treatment is beginning to fail. When there are issues with the distribution system it can mean the supply has been contaminated with pathogens.

Extremely high levels mean the risk of waterborne gastroenteritis has significantly increased. There are tests available with a one day incubation period. These tests are both reliable and cheap.

When a septic system starts to fail coliforms are allowed into the flow of the water table. This includes surface waters, drainage ditches, and aquifers. If sewage connections have been made to the drain pipes human sewage can be absorbed into these waters.

There are numerous industrial cities in the Midwest and Northeast United States using a combined system. This system handles waste through the usage of a sewer. Stormwater and domestic sewage are both carried by a combined sewer. When there is a lot of rain a combined sewer can easily become overloaded. This enables the overflow to reach nearby rivers and streams without first going through the necessary treatment.

How to Protect Your Self from Faecal Coliforms

It is important people are protected from faecal bacteria. The presence of this bacteria may not necessarily cause illness but it means there are serious issues involving the water supply. Contamination by harmful microorganisms is a definite possibility once the system has broken down.

One of the most serious contaminations is from Escherichia coli or E.coli. The only place this bacteria can be found is within the intestines of humans and mammals. This contamination indicated the possibility of parasites, viruses, and bacteria in the water. The majority of E.coli strains are not harmful but some can cause serious illnesses.

For people to be safe from faecal bacteria it is imperative the sanitary conditions and degree of pollution are tested on a regular basis in all water treatment facilities.

The most common contamination found in drinking water comes from the waste of animals, humans or both. This can be caused by the runoff from stormwater, the leaching of manure from animals, sewage discharges and a septic system that has not been treated properly.

When water systems are tested regularly any issues can be detected while they are still small. This can prevent the breakdown of the entire system and the contamination of the water.



Coffee Bean Grinder – A Guide on What to Look for in Your Next Purchase

Coffee cuts risk of dying from stroke and heart diseases

Turn Your Coffee Habit Into a Healthy Morning Ritual

Reasons You Need to Drink Coffee Every Single Day

4 Coffee Health Benefits

Coffee a day may prevent heart attacks

Coffee Good For You

Coffee is full of active stimulatory compounds, vitamins, and elements such as antioxidants that are linked with prevention of blood clotting that may occur in your brain and your chest. Reduction of clogging in these blood arteries reduces the chances of cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack.

In preliminary reports presented at the California Conference give supporting evidence that coffee helps to reduce the risks of heart attacks, diabetes, dementia, and depression.

An article published in the Science journal Circulation, a group of students, led by Ming Ding as the lead researcher-researched about 208,000 participants. The participants were grouped into three groups. They included male and females, aging between twenty-five to seventy-five years. This study by the students and the lead researcher Ming Ding consisted of the American dentists, nurses, pharmacists and other certified health professionals.

The data was analyzed after every four years through questionnaires. The questionnaires were administered to both the men and the women of various healthcare professionals.

They asked the interviewers how many cups of coffee they frequently drunk every day. The range was between one to several cups of java each day.

The findings confirmed that those who drunk more cups of coffee had a very low risk of heart attacks, but those who consumed one or no coffee where associated with high risk of heart attacks. However, the study also showed that those who smoked a lot and drunk many cups of coffee day where at risk of increased lung cancer.

The Co-author Frank Hue said t those who regularly drunk coffee was found to be inversely linked to risks of death caused by the heart attacks. The study showed that having a coffee periodically is associated with healthy lifestyles.

health benefits of coffee

The Coffeeorbust.com wrote an article also suggesting that drinking the best organic coffee brands such as Cameron’s specialty reduces the chances of cardiovascular diseases.

According to the study done by Researchers at the University of Colorado through using machine learning, they analyzed a heart attack associated data of seventy years from Massachusetts. This data mostly come from the Framingham town.

The analysis also confirmed that those who daily loved drinking coffee had reduced chances of heart attacks. With a cup of coffee weekly, one decreased the risks of heart attacks by about seven percent. However, the researchers said that they had only given a relationship but not the cause.

Laura Stevens, a data scientist for American Heart Association, and also, a Ph.D. student in the University of Colorado, suggested that she does not know if it is the coffee compounds or is the characters, that are always associated with the coffee, that reduces the risks of heart attack. Nevertheless, she promised to investigate more about the mechanism.

Ms. Stevens also suggested that the machines which they were using to analyze the data where good though they were not wholly accurate.

She even linked this analysis method with finding five needles in one hundred haystacks. The needle was related to the heart attack factors while the hay was associated with the general context such as the diet and lifestyle. She even said that the Machine method only indicated the likelihood in which needles can be found in the haystacks.

Research in Korea which was conducted by some health students proves the same notion. They confirmed that people who drink about three to five cups of coffee on a daily basis had reduced chances of retaining deposits of calcium in their arteries, therefore, proving that a glass of coffee a day may prevent a heart attack.

Coffee health

Data from American Heart Association which was conducted in 2017 suggests that from twenty observational reviews made in 2017 indicates that there is a definite result associating heart attacks and consumption of coffee. The data provided the same trends that Cardiovascular diseases are highly triggered by inefficient oxygen in the heart muscles thus causing the death of the muscle cells.

The several scientific sessions conducted by the association shows that heart attack is mostly caused by hypertension, high amounts of blood cholesterols, smoking, old age and also diabetes.

In a different study presented at the Anaheim Conference, the scientists, suggested that people who eat very quickly are also prone to heart attacks.

Although all these studies were diligently and professionally conducted, they do not prove the causes and the effects of coffee in the reduction of heart attack risks. This argument is apparently confirmed by an article written by Neal Freedman for the National Institute of Health suggests that it is not easy to nail down the prove that coffee reduces the risks of heart attacks.

Best Tasting Coffees in 2018

Best Tasting Coffees in 2018

For many people in the world today, the day cannot be started without a good cup of joe. In some ways, people can’t function well throughout the day without their morning coffee.

According to these coffee drinking sources, without their morning drink, production goes down and focus is also thrown out of whack.Worth mentioning, this is mostly the case for daily drinkers who rely on coffee to start the day.

For the most of us, it is still important to have a rich and warm tasting coffee whenever we want one. In fact, some of us will even go as far as to research and locate the most highly-regarded coffees on the market, to really enjoy a nice cup. That being said, there are many coffee brands who claim to be the best tasting coffee out there.

By promising top-notch quality of taste, richness in their servings and so much more, it can get a bit confusing trying to find the best coffee for you. Not to mention the different factors that play a part such as a price factor, flavor, and other similar circumstances, and you start to see how difficult this process can be.

Best Tasting Coffees in 2018

So, to further understand what and how to look for in choosing the best coffee, here are some recommendations for the top 3 best coffees of the year 2018.

Worth noting, these coffees are chosen based on a combination of reviews and recommendations. In addition, quality, taste, and other more obvious factors were taken into consideration for these coffees. Having said all of that, and without further ado, here are the top 3 best tasting coffees of 2018.

#3: Jacob’s Coffee Kronung Instant To start this list is a good one. Jacob’s Cofee

Kronung Instant has everything you are looking for in a great tasting coffee. According to this brand, a single pack of this coffee is more than enough to make 70 plus cups of coffee. As great as that sounds, this coffee is made with pure ground coffee beans that provide a rich and thick taste in every sip. In addition to all the positive reviews that this brand has to its credit, there is no getting around the fact that everyone can enjoy a cup of this coffee.

#2: Douwe Egberts Pure Indulgence Instant Coffee

At number two on this list is the Douwe Egberts Pure Indulgence Instant Coffee. In reality, there isn’t much that this coffee doesn’t have compared to other coffee brands. Despite that fact, Douwe Egberts Pure Indulgence Instant Coffee has made a name for themselves with their own unique taste. In fact, if there was any proof needed on how much this coffee brand is beloved and trusted by its drinkers, this brand has been serving a nice cup of coffee using traditions that date back hundreds of years.

In addition to all of that, this brand of coffee provides a unique look to each and every jar they serve. Simply put, the Douwe Egberts Pure Indulgence Instant Coffee goes out of its way to attract customers. That alone, other than its unique and awesome taste, should be enough for most people to at least try this brand.

#1: Folgers Classic Roast Instant Coffee

Last but not least is the popular Folgers Classic Roast Instant Coffee. When everything boils down, there is a reason for why Folgers is one of if not the most known coffee brand in the world. However, in the case of Folgers classic roast coffee, there are plenty of reasons they are so popular.

For one, this coffee brand is as unique as it gets when it comes to taste. Everyone should be able to know when they are drinking a cup of folders. In addition, this brand of coffee is one of the most accessible to get in the market. Also, they are top-notch when it comes to quality of taste as well. All in all, you can not go wrong with choosing any of these great tasting coffee brands.

Difference between Cold Brew and Iced Coffee

cold brew vs iced coffee

When iced coffee first started, people would just pour hot coffee over ice, but it had a diluted taste which is not likable to most people. So, people started to make stronger coffee by doubling the amount of coffee and pouring it over ice to make iced coffee, and this idea stuck around. You can also have regular coffee to pour and freeze in ice trays, make another pot of coffee that’s stronger with double the amount of coffee added than you would do regular coffee, and pour it over the coffee ice cubes for a more robust coffee flavor as well.

When it comes to cold brewing, the process is different. It’s understandable why many will think that cold brewing is the same thing as iced coffee, but the brewing process for both of them is quite different. Also, when it comes to cold brew vs iced coffee, there is a distinct difference in flavor.

Difference in Flavor

When it comes to cold brew, the coffee taste is milder and lower in acid content than iced coffee. The flavor is aromatic, smooth, and full-bodied. The flavor of iced coffee is well-balanced and medium-bodied. Also, when it comes to making lattes, a natural, sweet, chocolate flavor is great for cold brewing. Caramel flavored lattes are popular for hot or iced coffee. There is no way to make a cappuccino with these brewing methods.

What are the Best Beans to Use

Arabica coffee bean

Both normally use high-quality Arabica beans. Other coffee beans can be used to depending on the person’s taste buds. However, some will say to use darker roasts because the flavor of the beans will flatten out throughout the cold brewing process.

On the other hand, others find that darker roasts will only lead to a charcoal taste when it comes to cold brewing. Also, when choosing beans for coffee, iced coffee requires fresh beans, while cold brewing can use beans that are two weeks old.

Brewing Methods

cold brewing

The brewing methods for cold brew vs iced coffee are very different from each other. For one, there are many cold brewing methods, but immersion must be done for them all. The easiest way to do cold brewing is by using coarse coffee grounds and water and let them steep. However, some people think that a hot water stage is required to extract the full coffee flavor.

Coffee Gator French Press

If you want to make cold brew at home, a French press would be great. With this, you will use ground coffee and water with a four-to-one water/coffee ratio. Oxygen exposure must be minimized to maintain great flavor. Also, you will leave the coffee mixture for a minimum of 12 hours and filter the grounds afterward. This will lead to a coffee concentrate in which dilution can be done with water or pouring over ice. You can also use an Aeropress, V60, or a Chemex to get great results.

When it comes to iced coffee, you can use double the amount of coffee to pour ice as mentioned before. Some may want a little less than double of ground coffee, and some may want a little more than double the ground coffee. Regardless the amount of ground coffee, you can use a stovetop coffee maker or a French press to brew the coffee.

When it comes to temperature and timing with cold brewing, the water is at room temperature or colder, and it takes between 12 to 48 hours to reach optimal coffee extraction. With iced coffee, it is hot from brewing and then chilled. Thus, it only takes a few minutes to make with a temperature range around 195 to 205F for optimal coffee extraction before cooling down the coffee.

Water Used

Regardless the method of cold coffee you choose, it’s always best to use filtered or bottled water. Especially when it comes to cold brewing, the water quality is even more important because the coffee flavor is much more subtle. Also, choice of water is more important for the ice cubes when making iced coffee.

Also, if you are wondering if you can use these methods when it comes to latte vs cappuccino, you can with making an iced latte. There is no such thing as iced cappuccino.

When it comes to cold brew vs iced coffee, they may be related because they are both cold coffee, but the brewing methods and flavors are distinctively different. Even the temperature and time range are different when it comes to making both types of coffee. Also, there is no way to make cappuccino with these methods when it comes to latte vs cappuccino.